If you’ve ever had to break bones, you know how painful it can be. In some instances it is possible to feel the bone crack when it breaks, which can be extremely disconcerting and shocking. Then, the pain shooting in , as does the inability of moving the damaged part.
Sometimes the injury is progressive and you don’t be aware of the issue till you experience the discomfort from the fracture.
Whatever experiences you can identify with the fact that fractures can leave you in a state of discontent: the pain, inability to complete simple tasks by yourself as well as the disruption to work, sports, and activities.
However, not all fractures are in the same way. Sometimes , they’re the result of trauma, while at other times , they’re due to repetitive motions or an underlying illness which weakens bones. The treatment and recovery times vary dependent on the kind of injury.
1. Stable Fracture
This is the kind of fracture that happens after trauma causes bone fragments to snap and its components remain aligned. This means that the bone remains in its initial place.
The treatment for Stable Broken Bone: Because this kind of fracture does not require realignment, the physician will just fix the bone using the aid of a cast. Patients can also take prescription anti-inflammatory drugs to relieve the pain.
2. Transverse Fracture
Transverse fractures are those that occurs at a 90 degree angle in straight line across the bones. It occurs when the force occurs perpendicularly to the place of injury.
treatment for transverse fracture: The doctor will realign the bones by using the use of an external fixation with an open-reduction(ORIF). After the bone fragments have been aligned, a conventional cast or splint can be used to keep the bone immobile.
3. Comminuted Fracture
A comminuted break leaves the bone in pieces. It’s most frequent after an injury that is severe, like an accident in the car and is most likely to occur in the feet or hands.
The treatment for Comminuted Fracture Because bones being fractured, this type of fracture is treated with surgery to avoid further harm to organs and ligaments, nerves, arteries and veins.
4. Oblique Fracture
A fracture of the oblique occurs when the bone fractures with an angle. It occurs mostly on long bones such as the femur and the tibia. The type of injury can cause an obvious deformity under the skin.
The treatment for an Oblique Bruise: The treatment is based on the extent that the injury has. In the case of a small injury the treatment is conservative (such such as immobilizing bone by casting) is sufficient. But there are occasions where bones require to be repositioned and surgery is needed.
5. Compound Fracture
It is among the most serious injuries. A fracture that is open or compound can occur when the bone penetrates the skin when it fractures. Surgery is often required because of its severity and the possibility of infection.
The treatment for Compound Injury: This kind of injury is considered to be an emergency. Most likely, the patient will require surgery to clean up the region, eliminate debris, and fix the fracture. The patient will require an antibiotic shot and a tetanus vaccine.
6. Hairline Fracture
A hairline fracture is called an strain fracture and is most often seen in the feet and legs. It’s the result of repetitive movements and is triggered whenever athletes abruptly increase the intensity or frequency of exercise, like running or jogging.
It is a sign of pain in the sport you enjoy or when you are at rest or lying down; tenderness, swelling and bruises.
Methods to Treat a Hairline FractureThe most crucial option to treat a stress fracture is to rest. Do not exercise for a while. Based on the extent of the injury, your physician will suggest the appropriate time for rest. Also, it is recommended to ice the injured area for 20 minutes often throughout the day. Keep the leg or foot elevated.
7. Avulsion Fracture
Avulsion fractures are an injury at the point where bone connects to the ligament or tendon. In this case the tendon or ligament takes off a piece of the bone that it’s attached to.
Treatment for an Avulsion fracture: Surgery is not necessary for all Avulsion fractures unless the fragment of bone that is detached is located at a considerable separation from bone. Medical professionals will advise that you rest and apply ice to the injured area and prescribe specific exercises to improve your range of motion.
8. Greenstick Fracture
In the case of a Greenstick break, one part of the bone is broken but isn’t completely broken. The damaged bone can be bent near the fractured portion. This kind of injury is often seen in children.
Treatment for the Greenstick Fracture In the event that the fracture is bent the doctor can gently straighten the bone. The patient will also be able to wear a splint that is removable as alternative to a casting.
9. Spiral Fracture
The bone is snared by the forceful rotation of or twisting of an leg. This causes a smooth fracture in which the bone splits into two pieces.
The treatment of a spiral fracture:The process of healing for a fracture that is spiral-like is more difficult than other fracture types due to the twisting motion that causes sharp edges appearing on the bone. Surgery is usually required in the majority of instances to align the bones and put them in their proper position using rods, pins, or screws. After surgery, the patient wears the cast and undergo physical therapy prior to returning to normal routine.
10. Pathological Fracture
The pathological fractures can occur when a person suffers from an illness that has affected their bones for example, osteoporosis osteosarcoma, osteomyelitis or metabolic bone disorders.
The treatment for pathological Broken bone:Treatment will depend on the condition that caused the fracture. If the disease doesn’t hinder the bone’s healing capacity and heal, the patient will require an immobilization cast to restrain the affected limb. If the illness has weakened the body’s healing capabilities and heal, surgery is required.